What are the side effects of chemotherapy for leukemia?
What are common side effects of chemotherapy?
- Hair loss.
- Infections, from low levels of white blood cells.
- Easy bruising or bleeding, from low levels of platelets in your blood.
- Tiredness, from having low levels of red blood cells.
- Mouth sores.
- Loss of appetite.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Skin and nail changes.
What happens after chemo for leukemia?
Chemo drugs also affect the normal cells in bone marrow, which can lower blood cell counts. This can lead to: Increased risk of infections (from having too few normal white blood cells) Easy bruising or bleeding (from having too few blood platelets)
How successful is chemotherapy for leukemia?
Chemotherapy can lead to remission, which means a person doesn’t have symptoms of the disease and their blood cell counts are in a normal range. Around 90 percent of people with an AML type known as acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) will go into remission after “induction” (first round) of chemo.
What are the long term side effects of chemotherapy for leukemia?
Chemotherapy and Other Drug Therapies
Lung damage (scarring, inflammation, acute respiratory distress syndrome, lung failure) Infertility, including premature ovarian failure and premature menopause in women and low testosterone levels and sperm counts in men. Osteoporosis (low bone density) Hearing loss.
How many stages of chemo does it take for leukemia?
Usually, there are three to four cycles of re-induction and consolidation or intensification chemotherapy. During these cycles, chemotherapy drugs are given for several days at a time, requiring that your child stay in the hospital during this treatment.
Is leukemia a death sentence?
Today, however, thanks to many advances in treatment and drug therapy, people with leukemia- and especially children- have a better chance of recovery. “Leukemia isn’t an automatic death sentence,” said Dr. George Selby, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
Which type of leukemia is most fatal?
Patients with the most lethal form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) – based on genetic profiles of their cancers – typically survive for only four to six months after diagnosis, even with aggressive chemotherapy.
Can you live a long life with leukemia?
Long term survival of leukemia varies greatly, depending upon multiple factors, including type of leukemia and age of the patient. ALL: In general, the disease goes into remission in nearly all children who have it. More than four out of five children live at least five years.
What are the final stages of leukemia?
End stage leukemia
- Slow breathing with long pauses; noisy breathing with congestion.
- Cool skin that may turn a bluish, dusky color, especially in the hands and feet.
- Dryness of mouth and lips.
- Decreased amount of urine.
- Loss of bladder and bowel control.
- Restlessness or repetitive, involuntary movements.
What is the life expectancy of a person with leukemia?
Today, the average five-year survival rate for all types of leukemia is 65.8%. That means about 69 of every 100 people with leukemia are likely to live at least five years after diagnosis. Many people will live much longer than five years.