Does testicular cancer affect the brain?

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Where does testicular cancer spread first?

Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.

What are the long-term effects of testicular cancer?

This powerful combination routinely produces all the harsh side effects associated with chemotherapy, but it can also lead to a litany of long-term side effects: infertility, low testosterone, lung scarring, hypertension, coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome and secondary cancers.

What parts of the body does testicular cancer affect?

Usually only one testicle is affected by testicular cancer, but in some cases, both are affected. About 90 to 95% of testicular cancers start in the cells that develop into sperm, which are known as germ cells. Anyone with a testicle can get testicular cancer.

How often does testicular cancer spread to brain?

Overall, 91% of the men had pulmonary metastases, with metastases to the liver in 20% and to the bone or brain in 10% each. They were followed up for a median of 21 months, with 185 (19%) men dying of testicular cancer in this time.

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How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

How can you tell if testicular cancer has spread?

Symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer can include: a persistent cough. coughing or spitting up blood. shortness of breath.

Does testicular cancer shorten life?

After diagnosis, life expectancy still decreases with time, but less than that in the general population, slowly approaching that of cancer-free women. Life expectancy of men diagnosed with testicular cancer at age 30 years is estimated as 45.2 years, 2 years less than cancer-free men of the same age.

Can you fully recover from testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a very curable form of cancer, especially if it is diagnosed and treated at an early stage. Orchiectomy is important to the successful treatment of this disease and offers the best chance for cure.

What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.

Can you have testicular cancer for years without knowing?

When cancer originates in one or both testes, a man can go a long time without any obvious signs or symptoms. Regular testicular self-checks can usually find a telltale lump within the scrotum, but not always. Symptoms often don’t appear until the cancer is in its later stages.

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Why is there no stage 4 testicular cancer?

There is no stage IV (4) testicular cancer. Some stages are split further to cover more details, using capital letters (A, B, etc.). As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage III, means cancer has spread more.

Can late stage testicular cancer be cured?

Even though stage III cancers have spread by the time they are found, most of them can still be cured. Both stage III seminomas and non-seminomas are treated with radical inguinal orchiectomy, followed by chemo.

Is testicular cancer aggressive?

An Aggressive, Yet Treatable Cancer

Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.