Frequent question: Are benign tumors metastatic?

Metastatic Tumor Cells Are Invasive and Can Spread

Can benign tumors metastasize?

Benign tumors are noncancerous growths in the body. Unlike cancerous tumors, they don’t spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.

Can a benign tumor become malignant?

While benign tumors rarely become malignant, some adenomas and leiomyomas may develop into cancer and should be removed. Desmoid tumors and fibroids also may cause damage if they are allowed to grow and may require surgery or a polypectomy.

How do you determine if a tumor is benign or malignant?

When the cells in the tumor are normal, it is benign. Something just went wrong, and they overgrew and produced a lump. When the cells are abnormal and can grow uncontrollably, they are cancerous cells, and the tumor is malignant.

Should a benign kidney tumor be removed?

Because benign kidney tumors do not require removal, a kidney specialist known as a urologist may order additional tests to help determine if a tumor is benign before treatment decisions are made. These tests may include imaging tests or a biopsy, in which a sample of the tumor is taken with a needle.

Do benign tumors go away?

Most go away on their own. Those that interfere with vision, hearing, or eating may require treatment with corticosteroids or other medication. Lipomas grow from fat cells. They are the most common benign tumor in adults, often found in the neck, shoulders, back, or arms.

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Do oncologists treat benign tumors?

A surgical oncologist specializes in the surgical diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancerous and noncancerous (benign) tumors. Surgical oncologists care for patients of all ages with tumors and common or simple cancers.

Do benign tumors grow fast?

Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and have distinct borders. Benign tumors are not usually problematic. However, they can become large and compress structures nearby, causing pain or other medical complications.

Are benign tumors hard or soft?

They can feel firm or soft. Benign masses are more likely to be painful to the touch, such as with an abscess. Benign tumors also tend to grow more slowly, and many are smaller than 5 cm (2 inches) at their longest point.