How common is melanoma in African American?

Is melanoma rare in African Americans?

Non-Hispanic black people have lower incidence rates of melanoma than non-Hispanic white people; however, non-Hispanic black people are typically diagnosed at a later stage, have different proportions of histologic types of melanoma, and have poorer survival rates than non-Hispanic white people.

What race is melanoma most common in?

Melanoma is more than 20 times more common in whites than in African Americans. Overall, the lifetime risk of getting melanoma is about 2.6% (1 in 38) for whites, 0.1% (1 in 1,000) for Blacks, and 0.6% (1 in 167) for Hispanics.

Is melanoma common in Africa?

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), [6] acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is considered the most common subtype among Africans, however this conclusion is largely based on studies of the African-Americans and black South Africans [7,8,9].

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.

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Where is the most common site for melanoma in Caucasian females?

Among Caucasian populations, melanoma is more frequently reported on the backs and shoulders of men and the lower limbs of women (76–80).

Can you live a long life with melanoma?

almost all people (almost 100%) will survive their melanoma for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed. around 90 out of every 100 people (around 90%) will survive their melanoma for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

Where does melanoma usually spread to first?

Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.

Is melanoma raised or flat?

The most common type of melanoma usually appears as a flat or barely raised lesion with irregular edges and different colours. Fifty per cent of these melanomas occur in preexisting moles.

What is the life expectancy of someone with melanoma?

The overall average 5-year survival rate for all patients with melanoma is 92%. This means 92 of every 100 people diagnosed with melanoma will be alive in 5 years. In the very early stages the 5-year survival rate is 99%. Once melanoma has spread to the lymph nodes the 5-year survival rate is 63%.

Does melanoma show up in blood work?

Blood tests. Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose melanoma, but some tests may be done before or during treatment, especially for more advanced melanomas. Doctors often test blood for levels of a substance called lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) before treatment.

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