Question: Where in the body can melanoma occur?

What parts of the body does melanoma affect?

Melanoma can develop anywhere on the body, including the head and neck, the skin under the fingernails, the genitals, and even the soles of the feet or palms of the hands. Melanoma may not be colored like a mole. It may have no color or be slightly red, which is called amelanotic melanoma.

Where can melanoma be found in the body other than skin?

Melanoma is an aggressive type of cancer that usually shows up as a pigmented growth on the skin. However, less common types may be found in other areas.

Besides the skin, where do melanomas develop?

  • Ocular (eye)
  • Mucosal (of the mucous membranes)
  • Oral (mouth)
  • Anal or rectal.
  • Vulvar.
  • Vaginal.
  • Nasal sinuses.

Where is most melanoma found?

They most often develop in areas that have had exposure to the sun, such as your back, legs, arms and face. Melanomas can also occur in areas that don’t receive much sun exposure, such as the soles of your feet, palms of your hands and fingernail beds. These hidden melanomas are more common in people with darker skin.

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What and where are most melanomas located?

The most common melanomas are cutaneous, which develop on the skin, particularly in areas exposed to the sun. In men, the most common sites for melanoma are the chest or back. In women, the legs are affected most frequently.

Do you feel ill with melanoma?

They don’t feel ill. The only difference they notice is the suspicious-looking spot. That spot doesn’t have to itch, bleed, or feel painful. Although, skin cancer sometimes does.

How do you feel with melanoma?

General symptoms

  • hard or swollen lymph nodes.
  • hard lump on your skin.
  • unexplained pain.
  • feeling very tired or unwell.
  • unexplained weight loss.
  • yellowing of eyes and skin (jaundice)
  • build up of fluid in your tummy (abdomen) – ascites.
  • tummy pain.

Where does melanoma usually start?

Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.

Can you live a long life with melanoma?

almost all people (almost 100%) will survive their melanoma for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed. around 90 out of every 100 people (around 90%) will survive their melanoma for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

Where does melanoma usually spread to first?

Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.

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Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.

Where is the most common site for melanoma in females?

In women, the legs—particularly the lower legs—are the most common area for melanoma to occur. If you check regularly and find melanoma in the early stages, it’s highly treatable. So be sure to look at the backs of your legs and your ankles and feet as well. And remember sunscreen when your legs are exposed.

How long does it take for melanoma to spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.

Is melanoma a death sentence?

Metastatic melanoma was once almost a death sentence, with a median survival of less than a year. Now, some patients are living for years, with a few out at more than 10 years. Clinicians are now talking about a ‘functional cure’ in the patients who respond to therapy.

What does Stage 1 melanoma mean?

In Stage I melanoma, the cancer cells are in both the first and second layers of the skin—the epidermis and the dermis. A melanoma tumor is considered Stage I if it is up to 2 mm thick, and it may or may not have ulceration. There is no evidence the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or distant sites (metastasis).

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Do melanomas itch?

Some melanomas itch. The “E” in the ABCDE rule of melanoma is for “Evolving,” which means that something about the mole changes. New itching or tenderness falls under “Evolving.” So does a change in the size, shape, color or elevation of the mole. A melanoma may also begin to bleed or crust over.