What chemo drugs are used for stem cell transplant?

What chemo is used before stem cell transplant?

Most patients with newly diagnosed plasma cell myeloma are treated with 3–4 cycles of induction chemotherapy in an attempt to achieve a level of disease control before proceeding to stem cell transplant.

How long is chemo for stem cell transplant?

The average time for the chemotherapy, transplant, and recovery is approximately 3 weeks. Not all transplant centers require that patients remain in the hospital after the infusion of stem cells.

How many chemo treatments are needed for stem cell transplant?

All of the stem cells needed are collected before the first high-dose chemo treatment, and half of them are used for each transplant. Usually, the 2 courses of chemo are given within 6 months. The second one is given after the patient recovers from the first one.

Can you have chemo after stem cell transplant?

But with a stem cell transplant, doctors can give high doses of chemo because the patient receives a transplant of blood-forming stem cells to restore the bone marrow afterwards.

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What can go wrong with stem cell transplant?

Complications From Transplants Using Your Own Stem Cells

infections. interstitial pneumonia (inflammation of the tissue that supports the lungs) liver damage and disease. dry and damaged mouth, esophagus, lungs, and other organs.

Can you live a normal life after stem cell transplant?

A stem cell transplant may help you live longer. In some cases, it can even cure blood cancers. About 50,000 transplantations are performed yearly, with the number increasing 10% to 20% each year. More than 20,000 people have now lived five years or longer after having a stem cell transplant.

How long is hospital stay for stem cell transplant?

You will be in the hospital for about 3 weeks if you are having an autologous stem cell transplant, and about 4 weeks if you are having an allogeneic stem cell transplant.

Do you need chemo before stem cell transplant?

Before you get your cells on transplant day, you will get chemotherapy (with or without radiation) to prepare your body to receive them. This is called the preparative regimen, or conditioning regimen. The preparative regimen includes chemotherapy (chemo) given to you through your central line.

What is the longest someone has lived after a bone marrow transplant?

The recipient of a bone marrow transplant in 1963, Nancy King McLain is one of the world’s longest living bone marrow transplant survivors.

Who is the best donor for stem cell transplant?

Donating stem cells or bone marrow to a relative

A brother or sister is most likely to be a match. There is a 1 in 4 chance of your cells matching. This is called a matched related donor (MRD) transplant. Anyone else in the family is unlikely to match.

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How much does stem cell transplant cost?

The total costs of a stem cell transplant are typically $350,000-$800,000, depending on whether the procedure is autologous, meaning some of the patient’s own marrow or stem cells are used, or allogeneic, meaning cells are harvested from a donor.

Is stem cell transplant a last resort?

It is not a treatment of last resort. The role of stem cell transplantation in the management of a specific cancer should be carefully planned following an initial diagnosis of cancer.

Why have chemo before stem cell transplant?

Conditioning treatment (chemo and/or radiation therapy)

To make room in the bone marrow for the transplanted stem cells. To suppress the patient’s immune system to lessen the chance of graft rejection.

Can you drink alcohol after a stem cell transplant?

After your transplant, your organs need time to recover. Alcohol can harm your liver and recovering bone marrow. This harm can be worse if you’re taking medications that can affect your liver. Don’t drink alcohol until your doctor tells you it’s safe.