What does invasive bladder cancer mean?

What stage is invasive bladder cancer?

Invasive bladder cancer is stage “T1” or greater. T1 means that the tumor has invaded the superficial (surface) lining of the bladder but not the muscle layer. The treatment of T1 cancer and other non-muscle invasive bladder cancers is discussed elsewhere.

How long can you live with muscle invasive bladder cancer?

Median overall survival was 12 months. These results may assist in counseling older patients with MIBC if the disease is left untreated.

What does it mean if bladder cancer is invasive?

Invasive bladder cancer means that the cancer cells have spread beyond the inner lining of the bladder and into the muscle layer. There is a risk that cancer could spread to other areas of the body if it is not treated.

What is the survival rate for aggressive bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%.

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What is the most aggressive type of bladder cancer?

Muscle invasive bladder cancer is a serious and more advanced stage of bladder cancer. MIBC is when the cancer has grown far into the wall of the bladder (Stages T2 and beyond). For patients with MIBC, the overall prognosis (how the disease may progress) is dependent on stage and treatment.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.

Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?

Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early-stage tumors, so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.

Is bladder cancer likely to metastasize?

As many as 50% of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer may have occult metastases that become clinically apparent within 5 years of initial diagnosis and around 5% will have distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis. Most patients with overt metastatic disease die within 2 years despite chemotherapy.

Where does bladder cancer spread first?

Local bladder cancer metastasis

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

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Can low grade bladder cancer spread?

Most bladder tumours are low grade. The cancer cells look very abnormal and grow quickly. They are more likely to spread both into the bladder muscle and outside the bladder.

How long is the life expectancy of someone with bladder cancer?

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.

5-year relative survival rates for bladder cancer.

SEER Stage 5-year Relative Survival Rate
Distant 6%
All SEER stages combined 77%

What are the signs that bladder cancer has spread?

The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include:

  • tiredness or weakness.
  • pain when urinating.
  • difficulty urinating or inability to urinate.
  • pain in the lower back on one side of the body.
  • weight loss.
  • swollen feet.
  • bone pain.