What does metastatic bladder cancer mean?

Where does bladder cancer usually metastasize to?

Conclusion: Lymph nodes, bones, lung, liver, and peritoneum are the most common sites of metastasis from bladder cancer.

What is the prognosis for metastatic bladder cancer?

Patients who present with metastatic bladder cancer generally have a poor prognosis, surviving only very few months (1). However, some patients may live considerably longer. If a patient is able to withstand palliative chemotherapy, their remaining lifetime may be extended with systemic treatments.

What does it mean when bladder cancer metastasis?

When cancer cells break away from where they started to grow and start spreading to other parts of the body, it is called metastasis. Metastatic bladder cancer is the name for bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, the liver, or the bones.

What is the most aggressive type of bladder cancer?

Muscle invasive bladder cancer is a serious and more advanced stage of bladder cancer. MIBC is when the cancer has grown far into the wall of the bladder (Stages T2 and beyond). For patients with MIBC, the overall prognosis (how the disease may progress) is dependent on stage and treatment.

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What are the signs that bladder cancer has spread?

The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include:

  • tiredness or weakness.
  • pain when urinating.
  • difficulty urinating or inability to urinate.
  • pain in the lower back on one side of the body.
  • weight loss.
  • swollen feet.
  • bone pain.

Is metastatic bladder cancer curable?

Metastatic bladder cancer is difficult to cure because it has already traveled to other parts of the body. The later you’re diagnosed and the farther the cancer has traveled, the less chance that your cancer will be cured. The 5-year survival rate is the rate of surviving for 5 years after a cancer diagnosis.

How is metastatic bladder cancer treated?

Combination chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for metastatic bladder cancer. Methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC) was for many years the preferred regime; however, patients experienced high toxicity levels.

What happens when bladder cancer spreads to liver?

If bladder cancer spreads to the liver, it can make it difficult for the liver to produce bile, break down fat cells and filter toxic substances out of the body. This can lead to jaundice, discolored urine and abdominal pain and swelling.

Where is the first place bladder cancer spreads?

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

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Is there pain with bladder cancer?

When it’s in its earliest stages, bladder cancer doesn’t usually cause much pain. Some people have no pain whatsoever, while others may experience pain or burning when they urinate. Blood in the urine, either microscopic or visible to the naked eye, is commonly the first sign of bladder cancer.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.

Do you feel ill with bladder cancer?

Feeling weak or fatigued: You may feel lethargic and extremely tired a lot of the time. Bone pain: If your cancer has spread to the bone, it can cause bone pain or a bone fracture.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed. It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.