What is melanoma in simple words?

What melanoma means?

Listen to pronunciation. (MEH-luh-NOH-muh) A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines.

How does melanoma affect the body?

When found early, melanoma can often be cured with surgery. However, melanoma is 1 of the most serious forms of skin cancer. It can grow deep into the skin; this is called invasive melanoma. It can also invade blood vessels and spread to lymph nodes and distant parts of the body; this is called metastatic melanoma.

How melanoma is caused?

The primary risk factor for melanoma is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, including sunlight and tanning beds, with the risk growing with the amount of exposure. Early exposure, particularly for people who had frequent sunburns as a child, also increases melanoma risk.

Where is melanoma found?

Melanoma is in the outer layers of skin (epidermis) and sometimes the upper part of the inner layers (the dermis). A cure is often possible. Melanoma is found in the outer layers of skin and in the lower layers of the dermis.

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Can you live a long life with melanoma?

almost all people (almost 100%) will survive their melanoma for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed. around 90 out of every 100 people (around 90%) will survive their melanoma for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

How does melanoma make you feel?

Hard lumps may appear in your skin. You may lose your breath, have chest pain or noisy breathing or have a cough that won’t go away. You may feel pain in your liver (the right side of your stomach) Your bones may feel achy.

Can melanoma be completely cured?

Treatment can completely cure melanoma in many cases, especially when it has not spread extensively. However, melanoma can also recur. It is natural to have questions about the treatment, its side effects, and the chances of cancer recurring.

What foods help fight melanoma?

Antioxidants and Melanoma

Studies have found that higher intake of retinol-rich foods, such as fish, milk, eggs, dark green leafy vegetables, and orange/yellow fruits and vegetables led to a 20 percent reduced risk of developing melanoma.

Where does melanoma usually spread to first?

Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.

How fast does melanoma grow?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.

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Who is most at risk of melanoma?

Melanoma is more likely to occur in older people, but it is also found in younger people. In fact, melanoma is one of the most common cancers in people younger than 30 (especially younger women). Melanoma that runs in families may occur at a younger age.

Does melanoma appear suddenly?

Melanomas may appear suddenly and without warning. They are found most frequently on the face and neck, upper back and legs, but can occur anywhere on the body.

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.

Does melanoma go away on its own?

Melanoma can go away on its own. Melanoma on the skin can spontaneously regress, or begin to, without any treatment. That’s because the body’s immune system is able launch an assault on the disease that’s strong enough to spur its retreat.

What can be mistaken for melanoma?

To better illustrate the appearance of mimics, we’ll present six photographs of common skin conditions that have been mistaken for melanoma.

  • Solar Lentigo. These are more commonly known as age or liver spots. …
  • Seborrheic Keratosis. …
  • Blue Nevus. …
  • Dermatofibroma. …
  • Keratoacanthoma. …
  • Pyrogenic Granuloma.