What is the cause for high incidence of oral cancer in India?

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What is the leading cause of oral cancer?

The risk of oral and oropharyngeal cancers is greatly increased by 2 factors: Tobacco use. Using tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chewing tobacco, and snuff, is the single largest risk factor for head and neck cancer. Eighty-five percent (85%) of head and neck cancer is linked to tobacco use.

What is the main cause of oral cancer in our country?

Oral cancer most often occurs in people over the age of 40 and affects more than twice as many men as women. Most oral cancers are related to tobacco use, alcohol use (or both), or infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV).

What is the highest risk group for oral cancer patients?

Tobacco and alcohol are the most important risk factors for oral cancer. Oral cancer is rare in children and young adults. The risk of developing oral cancer increases with age and is greatest after 45 years of age. More men than women develop oral cancer, and it occurs more often in men of African descent.

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Does mouth cancer grow fast?

Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma. These cancers tend to spread quickly.

Where does mouth cancer usually start?

Mouth cancers most commonly begin in the flat, thin cells (squamous cells) that line your lips and the inside of your mouth. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.

Can mouth cancer be cured completely?

If the cancer has not spread beyond the mouth or the part of your throat at the back of your mouth (oropharynx) a complete cure may be possible using surgery alone. If the cancer is large or has spread to your neck, a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be needed.

Is mouth cancer serious?

Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat), can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.

Where is oral cancer most commonly found?

The most common locations for cancer in the oral cavity are:

  • Tongue.
  • Tonsils.
  • Oropharynx.
  • Gums.
  • Floor of the mouth.

How do you treat mouth cancer without surgery?

People with stage IVB cancers that cannot be removed by surgery or who are too weak for surgery might be treated with radiation alone. Depending on a person’s overall health, chemoradiation or chemotherapy first followed by radiation might be options. Chemotherapy alone may also be recommended.

Can a 21 year old get mouth cancer?

Myth #3: Young people don’t have to worry about oral cancer. Fact: Most cases of oral cancer are found in patients 50 years or older because this form of the disease often takes many years to develop.

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Can a non smoker get mouth cancer?

Non-smokers are more likely than smokers to develop mouth cancer if they show early signs. New research1 has discovered that non-smokers face a substantially higher risk of developing mouth cancer than smokers if they have precancerous lesions in their mouth.

Is mouth cancer painful to touch?

Canker sores: Painful, but not dangerous

In the early stages, mouth cancer rarely causes any pain. Abnormal cell growth usually appears as flat patches. A canker sore looks like an ulcer, usually with a depression in the center.

Is mouth cancer hard or soft?

Oral cancer may appear differently based on its stage, location in the mouth, and other factors. Oral cancer may present as: patches of rough, white, or red tissue. a hard, painless lump near the back teeth or in the cheek.

How long can you survive untreated mouth cancer?

The survival rate among people with early-stage untreated mouth cancer is around 30% for five years, whereas the rate gets reduced to 12% for people with Stage 4 untreated mouth cancer.