What is the main cause of testicular cancer?
Having undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) increases the risk of testicular cancer. This is the most important risk factor for this cancer. In the womb, the testicles develop in a male baby’s abdomen. They usually move down into the scrotum at birth or in the first year of life.
What is the most common type of testicular cancer?
The most common type of testicular cancer is germ cell testicular cancer, which accounts for around 95% of all cases. Germ cells are a type of cell that the body uses to create sperm.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.
Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?
Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.
How can you tell if you have testicular cancer?
Most testicular cancers are discovered by the man himself when he notices a painless swelling, lump, or pain in a testicle.
- The lump may be small (the size of a pea) or large (the size of marble or even larger).
- Less common symptoms include a lasting ache or sensation of heaviness in the testicle.
Can late stage testicular cancer be cured?
Even though stage III cancers have spread by the time they are found, most of them can still be cured. Both stage III seminomas and non-seminomas are treated with radical inguinal orchiectomy, followed by chemo.
How can I test myself for testicular cancer?
Hold your testicle between your thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between your fingers. Look and feel for any hard lumps or nodules (smooth rounded masses) or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of your testicles.