Where does thyroid cancer metastasize first?

How do you know if thyroid cancer has spread?

Other symptoms of thyroid cancer that may be present early on before it has metastasized include: Changes in your voice or constant hoarseness. Pain or soreness in the front of the neck. A persistent cough.

Metastatic thyroid cancer symptoms include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Unexpected weight loss.

Where does thyroid cancer typically spread?

Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.

At what stage does thyroid cancer spread?

Stage IVA — Cancer is in your thyroid. It may have spread to nearby lymph nodes. Stage IV — It has spread beyond your thyroid. It may be in your lymph nodes.

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Do you feel sick with thyroid cancer?

Most often, thyroid cancer causes a lump and/or swelling of the neck, but it may also cause difficulty breathing or swallowing, as well as vocal hoarseness. Other symptoms include neck pain that may radiate up to your ears or a persistent cough not caused by illness.

What happens to your body when you have thyroid cancer?

The most common locations for metastatic thyroid cancer are the lungs, liver and bones. If tumors develop in these (or other) parts of the body, complications such as pain, swelling and organ failure can occur.

What is the life expectancy of someone with thyroid cancer?

Prognosis is the chance of recovery. The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. Overall, the 5-year survival rate for people with thyroid cancer is 98%.

How long can you live with Stage 4 thyroid cancer?

Stage 4: In this stage, the tumor has spread into neck tissues under the skin, the trachea, esophagus, the larynx, or distant parts of the body such as the lungs or bones. The 10-year outlook significantly declines at this point: Only 21 percent of people diagnosed at this stage are alive after 10 years.

How long can you live with untreated thyroid cancer?

Researchers found that papillary thyroid cancers of any size that are confined to the thyroid gland are unlikely to result in death due to the cancer. Specifically, the 20-year survival rate was estimated to be 97% for those who did not receive treatment and 99% for those who did.

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What is the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer?

Anaplastic carcinoma (also called giant and spindle cell cancer) is the most dangerous form of thyroid cancer. It is rare, and spreads quickly. Follicular tumor is more likely to come back and spread.

Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?

Overall 14% of the patients had reduced life expectancy. There was no reduction in life expectancy for those younger than age 45, but it was reduced in those older than age 45, especially in those over age 60.

What are the odds of thyroid cancer coming back?

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has excellent survival, however, recurrence remains a major concern with up to 20% of patients developing recurrent disease at some point during their lifetime(1). The average time to recurrence has been reported in the literature anywhere from 6 months to decades later (2–4).