What type of tissue does melanoma occur in?
It can easily spread into deep layers of skin as well as to lymph nodes and other organs. The skin’s layers include the epidermis (outer layer), dermis (inner layer) and hypodermis (subcutaneous tissue). Melanoma typically develops in the epidermis, which contains melanocytes.
Does melanoma spread to other tissues?
Melanoma is less common than basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. It is more likely to invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
What body parts does melanoma affect?
Melanoma can develop anywhere on the body, including the head and neck, the skin under the fingernails, the genitals, and even the soles of the feet or palms of the hands. Melanoma may not be colored like a mole.
Can you have melanoma for years and not know?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
Where does melanoma usually start?
Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.
What are the symptoms of melanoma that has spread?
If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have:
- Hardened lumps under your skin.
- Swollen or painful lymph nodes.
- Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.
- Swelling of your liver (under your lower right ribs) or loss of appetite.
- Bone pain or, less often, broken bones.
What is the life expectancy of someone with metastatic melanoma?
The average life expectancy for a stage IV melanoma patient is 6-22 months.
How long does it take melanoma to spread?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.
Do you feel ill with melanoma?
They don’t feel ill. The only difference they notice is the suspicious-looking spot. That spot doesn’t have to itch, bleed, or feel painful. Although, skin cancer sometimes does.
Can melanoma be completely cured?
Treatment can completely cure melanoma in many cases, especially when it has not spread extensively. However, melanoma can also recur. It is natural to have questions about the treatment, its side effects, and the chances of cancer recurring.
How long can you live with melanoma untreated?
Survival for all stages of melanoma
almost all people (almost 100%) will survive their melanoma for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed. around 90 out of every 100 people (around 90%) will survive their melanoma for 5 years or more after diagnosis.
Does melanoma show up in blood work?
Blood tests. Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose melanoma, but some tests may be done before or during treatment, especially for more advanced melanomas. Doctors often test blood for levels of a substance called lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) before treatment.
What is the most aggressive form of melanoma?
Nodular melanoma – This is the most aggressive form of cutaneous melanoma. It typically appears as a dark bump – usually black, but lesions may also appear in other colors including colorless skin tones. This type of melanoma may develop where a mole did not previously exist.
Can melanoma appear overnight?
Melanomas may appear suddenly and without warning. They are found most frequently on the face and neck, upper back and legs, but can occur anywhere on the body.