What does follicular thyroid carcinoma mean?
In the respective chapter of the WHO Classification of Tumours of Endocrine Organs, follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is defined as ‘A malignant epithelial tumor showing follicular cell differentiation and lacking the diagnostic nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma’ (PTC).
What is the difference between papillary and follicular thyroid cancer?
In most cases, it is associated with a good prognosis, although it is somewhat more aggressive than papillary cancer. Follicular carcinomas do not usually spread to nearby lymph nodes, but they are more likely than papillary cancers to spread to other organs, like the lungs or the bones.
Is follicular thyroid cancer fatal?
Papillary thyroid cancer is highly curable and rarely fatal. Follicular: Follicular thyroid cancer accounts for up to 15% of thyroid cancer diagnoses. This cancer is more likely to spread to bones and organs, like the lungs. Metastatic cancer (cancer that spreads) can be more challenging to treat.
Is follicular thyroid cancer slow growing?
Papillary and follicular thyroid cancers account for more than 90% of all thyroid cancers. They tend to grow very slowly.
How can you tell the difference between follicular adenoma and carcinoma?
A follicular carcinoma cannot be distinguished from a follicular adenoma based on cytologic features alone. It is distinguished from a follicular adenoma on the basis of capsular invasion, vascular invasion, extrathyroidal tumor extension, lymph node metastases, or systemic metastases.
Can follicular thyroid cells be benign?
Benign follicular adenomas. The word follicular means the cells look like a group of small circles under a microscope. If the follicular cells are contained within the nodule, the condition is called benign. If the cells have invaded the surrounding tissue, the diagnosis is cancer.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.
What do you feel when you have thyroid cancer?
Most often, thyroid cancer causes a lump and/or swelling of the neck, but it may also cause difficulty breathing or swallowing, as well as vocal hoarseness. Other symptoms include neck pain that may radiate up to your ears or a persistent cough not caused by illness.
What are early warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.