How common is nail cancer?
Subungual melanoma is a serious type of skin cancer that occurs in the skin under your nails. Subungual melanomas are rare, seen in only 0.07% to 3.5% of the people in the world who have melanoma.
Can fingernails show signs of cancer?
Marks on Nails
Dark lines beneath your nails can be a sign of melanoma, which is a dangerous form of skin cancer. When this disease develops beneath the nail it is referred to as hidden melanoma, and should be treated as soon as possible.
How does melanoma of the nail start?
Subungual melanoma often starts as a pigmented band visible the length of the nail plate (melanonychia). Over weeks to months, the pigment band: Becomes wider, especially at its proximal end (cuticle) Becomes more irregular in pigmentation including light brown, dark brown.
Can you have melanoma for years and not know?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
How long does melanoma take to spread?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.
Is nail melanoma curable?
While anyone can develop melanoma on their nails, it’s more common in older individuals and people with skin of color. A personal or family history of melanoma or previous nail trauma may also be risk factors. The good news is that when found early, melanoma — even on the nails — is highly treatable.
How aggressive is Subungual melanoma?
Subungual melanomas are fairly uncommon, and the lack of experience can result in an unnecessarily aggressive approach to treatment. While having an excellent care team around you is important, you remain the most important facet of that team.
What are signs of unhealthy nails?
See your doctor if you have any of these symptoms:
- discoloration (dark streaks, white streaks, or changes in nail color)
- changes in nail shape (curling or clubbing)
- changes in nail thickness (thickening or thinning)
- nails that become brittle.
- nails that are pitted.
- bleeding around nails.
- swelling or redness around nails.
What diseases show up in your nails?
Additional symptoms to watch out for
|Nail health||Possible cause|
|soft or weak||overexposure to moisture or chemicals|
|yellow||thyroid conditions, psoriasis, or diabetes|
|black lines||psoriasis, endocarditis, nail melanoma|
|ridges||iron deficiency anemia (vertical) or kidney disease (horizontal)|
Can stress affect your nails?
Stress can mess with your nails. Healthy nails need a lot to stay strong, including protein, silica, magnesium, zinc and iron. Stress makes it harder for your body to absorb those minerals, so your nails might suffer. If you’re under pressure, you might notice nail pitting, shredding or ridging.