What research are axolotls used for?
Axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) are salamanders that have been used for research for more than 200 years (Figure 1). They have a remarkable ability to regenerate lost or damaged tissues, including whole organs, limbs, and parts of the central nervous system.
Why an axolotl is suitable for research in the laboratory?
The animal turned out to be ideal for research: it reproduces readily in the lab, is a hardy survivor and is easy to care for. Axolotls have large cells that simplify investigations into development. Their eggs are almost 30 times larger than a human’s.
Are axolotl immune to cancer?
In addition to being able to regenerate, these animals display a remarkable resistance to cancer. They therefore represent a unique model organism to study regeneration and cancer resistance in vertebrates.
Can an axolotl regrow its body?
The axolotl (say “ax-oh-lot-el”) is a Mexican species of salamander. It’s also known as a Mexican walking fish. It can regenerate, repair or replace its arms, legs, tail, lower jaw, brain and heart.
What organs can an axolotl regenerate?
The Mexican axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) is an aquatic salamander that can regenerate multiple body parts including its limbs and internal organs such as its heart, brain, and lungs.
Why do axolotls not get cancer?
Axolotl have displayed extraordinary cancer resistance and in 2011, researchers from the University of Nottingham used an extract from axolotl eggs to stimulate tumor suppressor genes and prevent breast cancer growth. These remarkable creatures are endangered.
Can an axolotl regenerate its eyes?
All salamanders are gifted at regeneration, but the axolotl takes this capability to the extreme. In addition to growing back its limbs, axolotl can grow back organs like their eyes and even their brains.