Can chemo affect ovaries?

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What happens to ovaries after chemo?

Impact of chemotherapeutic agents on ovarian reserve

The decline in the number of follicles after chemotherapy can lead to decreased reproductive potential, ovarian insufficiency and menopause many years after the oncological treatment, even in patients undergoing chemotherapy during infancy [33].

Does chemotherapy cause infertility in females?

How chemotherapy affects women’s fertility. Chemotherapy can stop your ovaries from working. This causes infertility, which can be temporary or permanent. It can also bring on the menopause.

What are the chances of being infertile after chemotherapy?

Some women who have normal periods after chemotherapy may be able to get pregnant with no difficulty while others may have trouble getting pregnant. This is because chemotherapy can damage the immature eggs in the ovaries. When your periods return after chemotherapy, it means that some eggs are maturing.

Does chemo damage a woman’s eggs?

Chemotherapy (chemo) can damage the eggs that are in your ovaries. You’re born with all the eggs you will ever have. Some chemo medicines are more likely to cause infertility than others.

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Can a pregnant woman take care of a chemo patient?

Chemo can be safely administered after the first trimester

In general, most experts agree that the best cancer treatment option for a pregnant woman is to have surgery right away, if possible, to remove all or part of the tumor, then wait until the second trimester to begin chemotherapy, if necessary.

Does chemo destroy fertility?

The hormones, such as estrogen, needed to release eggs each month and prepare the uterus for a possible pregnancy are made in the cells of the ovaries (oocytes). Oocytes tend to divide quickly, so are often affected by chemo. This can lead to loss of those important hormones and can affect fertility.

When does your period come back after chemo?

Chemotherapy can cause temporary menopause

The ovaries stop processing the eggs, the woman stops having a period and she goes into temporary menopause. In most cases, menstruation returns naturally eight months to two years after chemotherapy stops.

Does Chemo stop your period?

Some chemotherapy drugs can damage the ovaries and stop regular menstrual cycles (amenorrhea). In women under 40, it’s often temporary and periods start again [31]. In women over 40, it’s more often permanent (early menopause) [31].

Can sperm regenerate after chemo?

Fertility problems from cancer treatment may be temporary or permanent. Some men regain the ability to produce sperm after treatment. This generally takes 1 to 3 years, but can sometimes take longer. Some men have only partial recovery, with low sperm counts, and some men never recover sperm production.

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Can you get pregnant while on hormone therapy?

While you’re taking hormone treatment you’ll be advised not to get pregnant as it may harm a developing baby. Even if your periods stop while you’re taking hormone therapy you could still get pregnant.

Can chemotherapy cause birth defects?

Studies show there is a risk of birth defects when a woman becomes pregnant while getting or after receiving some types of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. In some cases, the risk can last for a long time, making getting pregnant a concern even years after treatment ends.

Can I get pregnant while my husband is on chemotherapy?

If a man has had chemotherapy, could it affect his fertility (ability to get partner pregnant) or increase the chance of birth defects? A man’s ability to make sperm (sperm production) is often affected by cancer treatment. Sperm production may return to normal after chemotherapy, but it is not guaranteed.

What side effects does chemotherapy have?

Here’s a list of many of the common side effects, but it’s unlikely you’ll have all of these.

  • Tiredness. Tiredness (fatigue) is one of the most common side effects of chemotherapy. …
  • Feeling and being sick. …
  • Hair loss. …
  • Infections. …
  • Anaemia. …
  • Bruising and bleeding. …
  • Sore mouth. …
  • Loss of appetite.

Does chemo make you lose weight?

Chemotherapy may directly or indirectly cause weight gain or weight loss. Slight fluctuations (a few pounds) in your weight, after chemotherapy, either up or down, are not dangerous. However, significant chemotherapy weight loss or weight gain may affect your health and/or your ability to tolerate your treatments.

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