Can chemo cause low magnesium?


Does chemo affect magnesium?

There was a statistically significant decrease in magnesium levels from baseline to the lowest magnesium level (mean = 0.68 mmol/l, standard deviation = 0.13) (P < 0.0005). The incidence of hypomagnesaemia (serum magnesium < 0.7 mmol/l) at any point during chemotherapy was 43%.

Does cancer cause low magnesium?

Epidemiological studies identify magnesium deficiency as a risk factor for some types of human cancers. In addition, impaired magnesium homeostasis is reported in cancer patients, and frequently complicates therapy with some anti-cancer drugs.

Why do cancer patients need magnesium?

In regard to cancer, magnesium intake has been associated with the incidence of some cancers and has been studied as a protective agent against chemotherapy-induced nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity.

What causes magnesium levels to drop?

The causes of magnesium deficiency vary. They range from inadequate dietary intake to loss of magnesium from the body ( 2 ). Health problems associated with magnesium loss include diabetes, poor absorption, chronic diarrhea, celiac disease and hungry bone syndrome.

What causes low magnesium after chemo?

This review summarizes magnesium physiology and highlights the mechanisms underlying magnesium disturbances due to cancer and cancer treatment. The causes of hypomagnesemia can be categorized according to the pathophysiologic mechanism: decreased intake, transcellular shift, gastrointestinal losses, and kidney losses.

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What medical conditions cause low magnesium?

Common causes of low magnesium include:

  • Alcohol use.
  • Burns that affect a large area of the body.
  • Chronic diarrhea.
  • Excessive urination (polyuria), such as in uncontrolled diabetes and during recovery from acute kidney failure.

What happens if your magnesium level is low?

Over time, low magnesium can weaken your bones, give you bad headaches, make you feel nervous, and even hurt your heart. It can also lead to low levels of other important minerals like calcium and potassium. High levels of magnesium are much less common than low levels.

What are side effects of low magnesium?

As magnesium deficiency worsens, symptoms may include:

  • numbness.
  • tingling.
  • muscle cramps.
  • seizures.
  • muscle spasticity.
  • personality changes.
  • abnormal heart rhythms.

What food is highest in magnesium?

In general rich sources of magnesium are greens, nuts, seeds, dry beans, whole grains, wheat germ, wheat and oat bran. The recommended dietary allowance for magnesium for adult men is 400-420 mg per day. The dietary allowance for adult women is 310-320 mg per day.

Does coffee deplete magnesium?

Common substances — such as sugar and caffeine — deplete the body’s magnesium levels.

Can magnesium cause colon cancer?

In this prospective cohort of women, we observed no significant association between intake of total magnesium and colorectal cancer incidence. Intake of magnesium from dietary sources was also not significantly associated with colorectal cancer incidence.