How many classes of chemotherapy are there?

What are the 6 classes of chemotherapy?

Some of the well known classes of cancer chemotherapy agents include alkylating agents, plant alkaloids, antimetabolites, anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors and corticosteroids.

  • Normal cell cycle. …
  • Alkylating agents. …
  • Antimetabolites. …
  • Anthracyclines. …
  • Topoisomerase inhibitors. …
  • Plant alkaloids. …
  • Corticosteroids.

What are the 7 main types of chemotherapy?

Types of chemotherapy drugs

  • Alkylating agents. This group of medicines works directly on DNA to keep the cell from reproducing itself. …
  • Nitrosoureas. …
  • Anti-metabolites. …
  • Plant alkaloids and natural products. …
  • Anti-tumor antibiotics. …
  • Hormonal agents. …
  • Biological response modifiers.

What is the hardest chemo?

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it’s used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Unfortunately, the drug can also damage heart cells, so a patient can’t take it indefinitely.

How long is a course of chemotherapy?

Overall, it may take several months to complete your course of chemotherapy. When adjuvant chemotherapy is given, the doctor may plan your treatment for a certain length of time known to be effective for people with similar tumours, for example, six months.

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What is the name of chemo pills?

Capecitabine is the generic name for the trade name drug Xeloda. In some cases, health care professionals may use the trade name Xeloda when referring to the generic drug name capecitabine. Drug Type: Capecitabine is an anti-cancer (“antineoplastic” or “cytotoxic”) chemotherapy drug.

How many rounds of chemo is normal?

During a course of treatment, you usually have around 4 to 8 cycles of treatment. A cycle is the time between one round of treatment until the start of the next. After each round of treatment you have a break, to allow your body to recover.

What is aggressive chemo?

Aggressive care includes chemotherapy after multiple earlier rounds of treatment have stopped working and being admitted to an intensive care unit. Such interventions at the end of life “are widely recognized to be harmful,” Chen said.

Does your first chemo treatment make you sick?

Acute nausea and vomiting usually happens within minutes to hours after treatment is given, and usually within the first 24 hours. This is more common when treatment is given by IV infusion or when taken by mouth.

What is a chemo belly?

Bloating can also be caused by slowed movement of food through the G.I. (gastrointestinal tract or digestive tract) tract due to gastric surgery, chemotherapy (also called chemo belly), radiation therapy or medications. Whatever the cause, the discomfort is universally not welcome.

Does chemo shorten your life expectancy?

During the 3 decades, the proportion of survivors treated with chemotherapy alone increased (from 18% in 1970-1979 to 54% in 1990-1999), and the life expectancy gap in this chemotherapy-alone group decreased from 11.0 years (95% UI, 9.0-13.1 years) to 6.0 years (95% UI, 4.5-7.6 years).

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Do you ever fully recover from chemotherapy?

Most people say it takes 6 to 12 months after they finish chemotherapy before they truly feel like themselves again. Read the resource Managing Cognitive Changes: Information for Cancer Survivors for more information about managing chemo brain.