What is meant by cytological examination?

What is cytological examination?

Cytologic evaluation is the analysis of cells from the body under a microscope. This is done to determine what the cells look like, and how they form and function. The test is usually used to look for cancers and precancerous changes.

What is a simple definition of cytology?

Cytology, the study of cells as fundamental units of living things.

What is the most common cytology test?

The most common samples in cytology are exfoliative, including cervical smears (Pap smears), urine and sputum. These are usually screened by trained cytotechnicians or, in some laboratories, computerised automated systems, to look for any suspicious cells.

What is the difference between biopsy and cytology?

A cytology test is different from a biopsy. During a biopsy, tissue from a certain area of the body is removed and analyzed for cancer. A cytology test removes and studies a fewer number of cells. With a cytology test, the structure and function of the cells collected are studied under a microscope.

What are the two types of cytology?

There are two main kinds, or branches, of cytology: exfoliative cytology and intervention cytology. Healthcare providers can use cytology tests for almost all areas of your body.

What are cytological features?

The general features of malignancy in cytological slides are high cellularity, cellular enlargement, increased nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio, nuclear hyperchromasia, discohesiveness of cells, prominent and large nucleoli, abnormal distribution of nuclear chromatin, increased mitotic activity and specially the presence of …

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Why it is called cytology?

The discipline was founded by George Nicolas Papanicolaou in 1928. Cytopathology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments, in contrast to histopathology, which studies whole tissues. Cytopathology is frequently, less precisely, called “cytology”, which means “the study of cells”.

What is the best definition of cytology?

1a : a branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, multiplication, pathology, and life history of cells : cell biology. b : the cellular aspects of a phenomenon, process, or structure liver cytology.

What tests are done in cytology?

Cytopathology Test List

  • Anal pap.
  • Body cavity fluids, cytopathology.
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage.
  • Brush biopsy specimen.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid, cytology.
  • Cyst fluid, cytology.
  • Fine needle aspiration – clinician obtains sample.
  • Fine needle aspiration – pathologist obtains sample.