What is the best definition for the term cancer?

Which is the best definition of cancer?

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, in some cases, to metastasize (spread). Cancer is not one disease. It is a group of more than 100 different and distinctive diseases. Cancer can involve any tissue of the body and have many different forms in each body area.

What is the term cancer derived from?

The word “cancer” came from the father of medicine: Hippocrates, a Greek physician. Hippocrates used the Greek words carcinos and carcinoma to describe tumors, thus calling cancer “karkinos.”1 The Greek terms actually were words that were used to describe a crab, which Hippocrates thought a tumor resembled.

What defines a cancer?

(KAN-ser) A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are several main types of cancer.

How do you explain cancer?

Cancer happens when cells that are not normal grow and spread very fast. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Over time, they also die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don’t die when they’re supposed to.

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What are the 2 types of cancer?

Eventually, those abnormal cells can form into big masses, called tumors. These tumors can either be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

What is the Latin word of cancer?

The Latin word cancer, meaning “crab,” was also given as a name to several diseases. One of the diseases was the abnormal, spreading mass of tissue we call a tumor.

Who was the first cancer patient?

The earliest cancerous growths in humans were found in Egyptian and Peruvian mummies dating back to ∼1500 BC. The oldest scientifically documented case of disseminated cancer was that of a 40- to 50-year-old Scythian king who lived in the steppes of Southern Siberia ∼2,700 years ago.

What year was the word cancer first used?

Around 400 B.C., Hippocrates is said to have named masses of cancerous cells karkinos — Greek for crab.