Who is at risk for cutaneous carcinoma?
People who live in areas with bright, year-round sunlight, or those who spend a lot of time outdoors without protective clothing or sunscreen, are at greater risk. Early exposure, particularly for people who had frequent sunburns as a child, also increases skin cancer risks.
What is the most common cause of cutaneous melanoma?
It’s likely that a combination of factors, including environmental and genetic factors, causes melanoma. Still, doctors believe exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and from tanning lamps and beds is the leading cause of melanoma.
What are five risk factors for basal and squamous cell carcinoma?
Basal and Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Risk Factors
- Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. …
- Having light-colored skin. …
- Being older. …
- Being male. …
- Exposure to certain chemicals. …
- Radiation exposure. …
- Previous skin cancer. …
- Long-term or severe skin inflammation or injury.
What happens if basal cell goes untreated?
If left untreated, basal cell carcinomas can become quite large, cause disfigurement, and in rare cases, spread to other parts of the body and cause death. Your skin covers your body and protects it from the environment.
How does melanoma make you feel?
Hard lumps may appear in your skin. You may lose your breath, have chest pain or noisy breathing or have a cough that won’t go away. You may feel pain in your liver (the right side of your stomach) Your bones may feel achy.
Where does melanoma usually start?
Melanomas can develop anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start on the trunk (chest and back) in men and on the legs in women. The neck and face are other common sites.
Can you have melanoma for years and not know?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
Which of the following would lead to the greatest risk for squamous cell carcinoma?
The single most common cause of squamous cell carcinoma is overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight. People who work outdoors, spend a lot of time at the beach, or regularly participate in outdoor activities have a greater risk of developing skin cancer.
How do I know if I have basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma?
Basal cell carcinoma most commonly appears as a pearly white, dome-shaped papule with prominent telangiectatic surface vessels. Squamous cell carcinoma most commonly appears as a firm, smooth, or hyperkeratotic papule or plaque, often with central ulceration.
What do squamous cells look like?
Squamous cell carcinoma initially appears as a skin-colored or light red nodule, usually with a rough surface. They often resemble warts and sometimes resemble open bruises with raised, crusty edges. The lesions tend to develop slowly and can grow into a large tumor, sometimes with central ulceration.