Why is cancer a priority health issue?
Cancer remains a priority health issue due to the high morbidity and mortality rates in Australia. Cancer continues to have a large cost to the community through extended hospital stays, resulting in high absenteeism from the workforce.
Why is addressing cancer important?
The Importance of Cancer Public Health Research
The years of life lost due to premature deaths, the economic burden due to lost productivity and the costs associated with illness and therapy, and the long-term effects of cancer and its treatment on the quality of life of survivors take a national toll.
Is cancer a public health issue in Australia?
Cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia and has a substantial social and economic impact on individuals, families and the community.
What are the top five health priorities in Australia?
Focuses on the health of Australians by documenting progress towards goals and targets for the five priority areas of cardiovascular health, cancer control, injury prevention and control, mental health, and diabetes mellitus.
Why is it important to identify priority health issues?
this information can also help agencies and organisations understand, identify and even predict which lifestyle choices can have a negative effect on health. Campaigns can then be designed to facilitate early intervention and prevent the development of greater health problems.
Why is CVD a priority health issue?
It kills more people than any other disease (almost 53,000 deaths in 1997) and creates enormous costs for the health care system. It places a heavy burden on individuals and the community due to resulting disabilities.
How big of an issue is cancer?
Americans consistently rank cancer as one of the most important health problems facing the nation. (1) It is the second leading cause of death in the United States — more than 550,000 people will die from cancer this year.
Is cancer a public health concern?
Cancer is a major public health concern in the United States (U.S.); it is currently the second leading cause of death among U.S. men and women after heart disease . Cancer has long been a commonly diagnosed disease in the U.S. with over a million new cases diagnosed each year .
How can public health prevent cancer?
The public health cancer prevention continuum (2,3) includes primary prevention such as tobacco control, human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination, and removal of precancerous polyps during screening colonoscopies to prevent progression to colorectal cancer; secondary prevention (early detection) such as screening …
What is Australia’s biggest cancer killer?
The most common cancers in Australia (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) are prostate, breast, colorectal (bowel), melanoma and lung cancer. These five cancers account for about 60% of all cancers diagnosed in Australia.
What is the biggest cause of cancer deaths?
What were the leading causes of cancer death in 2019? Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer death, accounting for 23% of all cancer deaths. Other common causes of cancer death were cancers of the colon and rectum (9%), pancreas (8%), female breast (7%), prostate (5%), and liver and intrahepatic bile duct (5%).