What are the long term side effects of pelvic radiation?
Pelvic radiotherapy can cause long term changes to the bladder including:
- Scarring and hardening (fibrosis) of the bladder wall. This shrinks the bladder so it holds less urine. …
- Weakening of the small blood vessels in the bladder lining. The bladder lining may bleed easily. …
- Narrowing of the urethra.
What are the side effects of pelvic radiation?
6 side effects of radiation therapy to the pelvis in women
- Diarrhea. Many patients develop diarrhea during radiation therapy. …
- Bladder and vaginal irritation. The inside lining of the bladder sometimes becomes irritated during radiation. …
- Yeast infections. …
- Infertility. …
- Sexual side effects. …
How does radiation affect colon?
Radiation therapy to the pelvic area can damage the lining of the rectum, causing inflammation and swelling known as radiation proctitis. This can cause a range of symptoms including blood and mucus in bowel motions; discomfort opening the bowels; or the need to empty the bowels often, perhaps with little result.
What is the side effect of radiation to the abdomen and pelvis?
Radiotherapy to your lower abdomen or pelvis can affect your fertility and sex life. Problems can include pain during ejaculation and difficulty getting an erection.
Does pubic hair grow back after pelvic radiation?
You may lose some or all of the hair on your pubic area. The hair will usually grow back 2 to 4 months after treatment is finished.
How painful is pelvic radiation?
Radiation does not cause pain or discomfort and does not make you radioactive. Pelvic radiation treatments are like having an x-ray between your hips.
Why do you need a full bladder for pelvic radiation?
The bladder and bowel are in close proximity to the prostate. By ensuring the bladder is full and the bowel is empty each day, we are able to keep the prostate in a consistent position for each radiotherapy treatment. This can reduce the exposure to those organs and reduce the possibility of side effects.
Can pelvic radiation cause nerve damage?
About nerve damage
Pelvic radiotherapy uses radiation to destroy cancer cells in that part of the body. It may also damage healthy cells and tissues in that area. As this heals, it can cause swelling and pain (inflammation), which can damage nearby nerves.
How long does it take to fully recover from radiation therapy?
Even though most radiation treatments only target specific collections of cancer cells, the effects of radiation can easily spread to nearby cells. Most recover within a few weeks, but some injuries develop later or require a longer recovery process.
Does radiation make your stomach hurt?
Radiation enteritis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and belly cramps. This condition causes irritation of the intestines after radiation therapy for cancer. Symptoms usually go away several weeks after treatment ends. But sometimes they last longer.
What is the most common acute side effect of radiation treatment?
The most common early side effects are fatigue (feeling tired) and skin changes. Other early side effects usually are related to the area being treated, such as hair loss and mouth problems when radiation treatment is given to this area.
What happens if I refuse radiation treatment?
Patients who refuse recommended adjuvant radiation therapy have unacceptably high rates of local recurrence. Omission of radiation for advanced age alone is associated with local recurrence rates comparable to those for younger patients.