How long is chemo for neuroblastoma?
Children are typically given 4 to 8 cycles (about 12 to 24 weeks) of chemotherapy before or after surgery. The chemo drugs used usually include carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide. If chemo is used first, surgery may then be done to remove any remaining tumor.
How long does treatment for neuroblastoma take?
Your child has the immunotherapy by injection into the blood stream. Most children have it through their central line. They usually have treatment for about 16 weeks (about 4 months).
Does chemo work on neuroblastoma?
Chemotherapy (chemo) is the use of anti-cancer drugs, which are usually given into a vein. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel throughout the body to reach and destroy cancer cells. This makes chemo useful for treating neuroblastoma, especially if it can’t all be removed with surgery.
How long does a chemo treatment normally take?
Chemotherapy treatment varies in length and frequency and depends on the individual treatment plan prescribed by your doctor. Some last as long as three or four hours, while others may only take a half-hour. Your doctor can provide an estimate of the time involved during your first consultation.
Does anyone survive neuroblastoma?
For children with low-risk neuroblastoma, the 5-year survival rate is higher than 95%. For children with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma, the 5-year survival rate is between 90% and 95%. For children with high-risk neuroblastoma, the-5-year survival rate is around 50%.
Is Stage 4 neuroblastoma curable?
60% of patients with high-risk Neuroblastoma will relapse. Once in relapse, the survival rate drops to less than 5%. There are no known cures for relapsed Neuroblastoma. Neuroblastoma has one of the lowest survival rates of all pediatric cancers and accounts for 15% of all pediatric cancer deaths.
What are the chances of neuroblastoma coming back?
It is estimated that as many as 50-60% of children with high-risk neuroblastoma will eventually suffer a relapse. In children with intermediate- or low-risk neuroblastoma, relapses occur in only 5-15% of cases.
What is a Stage 4 neuroblastoma?
Stage 4: The cancer has spread to distant parts of the body such as distant lymph nodes, bones, liver, skin, bone marrow, or other organs (but the child does not meet the criteria for stage 4S). Stage 4S (also called “special” neuroblastoma): The child is younger than 1 year old. The cancer is on one side of the body.
What makes neuroblastoma high-risk?
Patients with neuroblastoma are considered high-risk when the tumor cannot be surgically removed and has spread: To lymph nodes near the tumor; To other areas near the tumor, but not to other parts of the body; or. To distant lymph nodes in other parts of the body such as bones, bone marrow, liver, skin or other organs …
Can a neuroblastoma be removed?
After neuroblastoma is diagnosed, surgery is often used to try to remove as much of the tumor as possible. In some cases, surgery can remove all (or almost all) of the tumor, and no additional treatments are needed.