Who is more prone to thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but the risk peaks earlier for women (who are most often in their 40s or 50s when diagnosed) than for men (who are usually in their 60s or 70s). Follicular thyroid cancers are more common in areas of the world where people’s diets are low in iodine.
What is the main cause of thyroid cancer?
The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.
Who is affected by thyroid cancer?
Women are three times more likely than men to get thyroid cancer. The disease is commonly diagnosed in women in their 40s and 50s, and men in their 60s and 70s. Even children can develop the disease.
How does thyroid cancer make you feel?
Most often, thyroid cancer causes a lump and/or swelling of the neck, but it may also cause difficulty breathing or swallowing, as well as vocal hoarseness. Other symptoms include neck pain that may radiate up to your ears or a persistent cough not caused by illness.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.
What happens to your body when you have thyroid cancer?
The most common locations for metastatic thyroid cancer are the lungs, liver and bones. If tumors develop in these (or other) parts of the body, complications such as pain, swelling and organ failure can occur.
What are early warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.
Does thyroid cancer shorten your life?
Virtually all patients with cancer are concerned about their life expectancy. Although patients with thyroid cancer usually have normal life expectancy when treated appropriately, there are many whose life span is limited by the thyroid cancer.
What happens if thyroid cancer is left untreated?
If neglected, any thyroid cancer may result in symptoms because of compression and/or infiltration of the cancer mass into the surrounding tissues, and the cancer may metastasize to lung and bone.
How long can you live with Stage 4 thyroid cancer?
Stage 4: In this stage, the tumor has spread into neck tissues under the skin, the trachea, esophagus, the larynx, or distant parts of the body such as the lungs or bones. The 10-year outlook significantly declines at this point: Only 21 percent of people diagnosed at this stage are alive after 10 years.
Do you need chemo after thyroid cancer?
Chemotherapy is seldom helpful for most types of thyroid cancer, but fortunately it is not needed in most cases. It is often combined with external beam radiation therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer and is sometimes used for other advanced cancers that no longer respond to other treatments.
Will thyroid cancer show up in blood work?
Blood tests. Blood tests are not used to find thyroid cancer. But they can help show if your thyroid is working normally, which may help the doctor decide what other tests may be needed.