How is parotid cancer treated?

Can parotid cancer be cured?

Many salivary gland cancers can often be cured, especially if found early. Although curing the cancer is the primary goal of treatment, preserving the function of the nearby nerves, organs, and tissues is also very important.

Should a parotid tumor be removed?

Treatment Surgery is recommended for almost all parotid gland tumors, whether cancerous or benign. Although most tumors grow slowly and are non-cancerous, they will often continue to grow and occasionally can become cancerous. Treatment of a parotid tumor generally requires removing the parotid gland (parotidectomy).

Is parotid gland cancer aggressive?

High-grade salivary gland cancer is a distinct clinical entity that has aggressive disease progression and early systemic spread. However, because of the rarity of the disease, the clinical outcomes, prognostic factors and clinical decision on the optimal treatments have not been fully understood.

How fast does salivary gland cancer grow?

Grade 1 (low-grade) cancers have the best chance of being cured. They grow slowly and don’t look much different than normal cells. Grade 2 cancers grow moderately fast. Grade 3 cancers grow quickly.

Can a parotid tumor grow back?

Recurrent parotid tumors unfortunately regrow after initial treatment, requiring further surgery. Repeat surgery increases both the chances of facial paralysis and facial cosmetic deformities.

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Is a parotidectomy a major surgery?

A parotidectomy is the surgical excision (removal) of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands. The procedure is most typically performed due to neoplasms (tumors), which are growths of rapidly and abnormally dividing cells.

Parotidectomy
Specialty endocrinology

What percent of parotid tumors are cancerous?

Only about 20% of parotid gland tumors are malignant. Half of submandibular and sublingual tumors, and 20% of the minor salivary gland tumors are benign [7].

What cancer spreads to the parotid gland?

Squamous cell carcinomas are generally the most frequent carcinomas metastasising into the parotid gland 13561416.

Can parotid cancer spread to the brain?

Intracranial metastases from salivary gland tumors are rare, present years after diagnosis of the primary tumor, and are treatable with multimodality therapy. Keywords: Brain tumor; Metastasis; Parotid; Radiation; Salivary; Submandibular; Surgery.

How aggressive is salivary gland cancer?

Salivary duct carcinoma is an aggressive and rare disease with poor prognosis.

Where does parotid cancer metastasis to?

The most common sites of metastases were lung (49 %), bone (40 %), liver (19 %), soft tissue (9 %), distant lymph nodes (8 %), brain (7 %), kidney (2 %), orbit (2 %), and pancreas (2 %).