Is papillary thyroid cancer malignant or benign?

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Is papillary thyroid cancer really cancer?

Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common kind of thyroid cancer. It may also be called differentiated thyroid cancer. This kind tends to grow very slowly and is most often in only one lobe of the thyroid gland. Even though they grow slowly, papillary cancers often spread to the lymph nodes in the neck.

What is a malignant thyroid tumor?

There are four types of thyroid cancer: papillary (the most common), follicular, medullary and anaplastic (the least common). Papillary carcinoma grows slowly and can spread into the lymph nodes in the neck. Follicular carcinoma can move into other parts of the body, typically the bones and the lungs.

How slow growing is papillary thyroid cancer?

The most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, grows very slowly. They are the same size in someone at age 80 that they were at age 40. Most of these very small thyroid cancers never pose a threat. But when someone has cancer, they or their doctor often want it out, and all surgeries carry some risk.

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Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?

Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.

How does thyroid cancer make you feel?

Most often, thyroid cancer causes a lump and/or swelling of the neck, but it may also cause difficulty breathing or swallowing, as well as vocal hoarseness. Other symptoms include neck pain that may radiate up to your ears or a persistent cough not caused by illness.

How long can you live with papillary thyroid cancer?

The bottom line is that most thyroid cancers are papillary thyroid cancer, and this is one of the most curable cancers of all cancers. More than 98% of patients with papillary thyroid cancer remain alive after five years.

Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?

Overall 14% of the patients had reduced life expectancy. There was no reduction in life expectancy for those younger than age 45, but it was reduced in those older than age 45, especially in those over age 60.

Can thyroid cancer come back after total thyroidectomy?

Most people do very well after treatment, but follow-up care is very important since most thyroid cancers grow slowly and can recur even 10 to 20 years after initial treatment.

What size thyroid nodule is worrisome?

The nodules in 5% of each size group were classified as malignant. Six percent of the nodules 1 to 1.9 cm were considered suspicious, as were 8 to 9% of nodules in the larger size groups.

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What happens if you have a cancerous thyroid nodule?

Thyroid Cancers. Five to 10 percent of thyroid nodules are malignant, or cancerous, although most cause no symptoms. Rarely, they may cause neck swelling, pain, swallowing problems, shortness of breath, or changes in the sound of your voice as they grow.

What percent of thyroid biopsies are cancerous?

Overall, about 5–10% of thyroid FNAs will have malignant cytology, 10–25% will be indeterminate or suspicious for cancer, and 60–70% will be benign (5, 6). Patients with nodules that are malignant or suspicious for cancer by FNA usually undergo thyroid surgery.