What cancers are caused by benzene?
IARC classifies benzene as “carcinogenic to humans,” based on sufficient evidence that benzene causes acute myeloid leukemia (AML). IARC also notes that benzene exposure has been linked with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), multiple myeloma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
When did benzene cause cancer?
Benzene-induced cancer in humans was first reported in the late 1920s. Carcinogenesis findings in animals were not reported conclusively until 1979.
Can benzene cause squamous cell carcinoma?
Benzene caused tumours of the haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues, Zymbal gland carcinoma, oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma, and forestomach carcinoma in situ in gavage studies and in the offspring after inhalation.
What age group is at highest risk of testicular cancer?
Testis cancer is most common in men in their late 20s and early 30s, with an average age of diagnosis of 33 years old. In fact, testis cancer is the most common malignancy among men 20 to 40 years old.
How bad is benzene for you?
(Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection.
Where is benzene found in the home?
Benzene is produced naturally by volcanoes and forest fires. In homes, benzene may be found in glues, adhesives, cleaning products, paint strippers, tobacco smoke and gasoline. Most benzene in the environment comes from our use of petroleum products. Benzene quickly evaporates from water or soil.
How long does benzene stay in your body?
Benzene is converted to products, called metabolites, in the liver and bone marrow. Some of the harmful effects of benzene exposure are caused by these metabolites. Most of the metabolites of benzene leave the body in the urine within 48 hours after exposure.
What is the smell of benzene?
Benzene has a sweet, aromatic, gasoline-like odor. Most individuals can begin to smell benzene in air at 1.5 to 4.7 ppm. The odor threshold generally provides adequate warning for acutely hazardous exposure concentrations but is inadequate for more chronic exposures.
How does benzene enter the body?
Benzene can enter your body through your lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and across your skin. When you are exposed to high levels of benzene in air, about half of the benzene you breathe in passes through the lining of your lungs and enters your bloodstream.
Can benzene cause brain tumors?
The study, published in the British Journal of Cancer, has found a link between parents’ exposure to chemicals such as benzene, toluene, and trichloroethylene and brain tumours in their children.
How does benzene act on the central nervous system?
Animal studies provide additional support that benzene affects the nervous system following acute inhalation and oral exposures, albeit at extremely high acute exposure levels. Effects reported include narcosis, nervous system depression, tremors, and convulsions.
What sunscreens have benzene in them?
Which sunscreens contain benzene?
- Aveeno Baby Continuous Protection Sensitive Skin Sunscreen Lotion, SPF 50.
- Babyganics Kid’s Sunscreen Continuous Spray, SPF 50.
- Banana Boat Kids’ Max Protect & Play Sunscreen, SPF 100.
- Banana Boat Kids’ Sport Sunscreen Lotion Spray, SPF 50.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
What is a man’s lifetime risk of dying from testicular cancer?
This is largely a disease of young and middle-aged men, but about 6% of cases occur in children and teens, and about 8% occur in men over the age of 55. Because testicular cancer usually can be treated successfully, a man’s lifetime risk of dying from this cancer is very low: about 1 in 5,000 .