How does smoking affect nasopharyngeal?
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma through the elevated level of IgA antibody against Epstein-Barr virus capsid antigen: A mediation analysis.
What smoking does to your tongue?
In some smokers, the tongue can develop a condition known as black hairy tongue, due to a growth that may grow as a result of tobacco use. The condition causes the tongue to become yellow, green, black, or brown, and give the appearance of being hairy. Smokers may also lose the sensation of taste and smell.
Is smoking risk factor for NPC?
Extensive exposure to dust and smoke may increase the risk of NPC.
What does nasopharyngeal cancer feel like?
The first symptom of nasopharynx cancer is usually a lump in the upper part of the neck. Other signs and symptoms may include: Swelling of the neck. Persistent headaches.
Can you be cured of nasopharyngeal cancer?
Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.
How long do you live with nasopharyngeal cancer?
Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.
5-year relative survival rates for nasopharyngeal cancer.
|SEER stage||5-year relative survival rate|
|All SEER stages combined||61%|
Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?
Most people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) notice a lump or mass in the neck that leads them to see a doctor. There may be lumps on both sides of the neck towards the back. The lumps are usually not tender or painful.
How serious is nasopharyngeal cancer?
If the cancer is located only in the nasopharynx, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 49%.
How fast does nasopharyngeal cancer spread?
The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer?
In stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer, the cancer: Is found in the nasopharynx only or has spread from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx and/or to the nasal cavity. Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes on both sides of the neck.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer common?
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is quite rare. In most parts of the world (including the United States), there’s less than one case for every 100,000 people each year. This cancer is much more common in certain parts of South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa.