Can cancer cause low potassium levels?
Hypokalemia is a potentially life-threatening complication that occurs in many patients with cancer. Nurses need to be aware of the many common causes of this electrolyte disorder as well as appropriate assessment strategies that will enable potential problems to be detected and treated early.
What diseases cause low potassium?
Causes of potassium loss include:
- Alcohol use (excessive)
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis.
- Diuretics (water retention relievers)
- Excessive laxative use.
- Excessive sweating.
- Folic acid deficiency.
Does cancer affect potassium levels?
Electrolyte disorders are very common conditions in cancer patients. They mainly concern changes in serum sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium levels. In most cases, these alterations are asymptomatic and therefore not always taken into consideration in clinical practice.
Can leukemia cause low potassium?
Hypokalemia due to renal potassium loss has frequently been observed in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Why does your potassium go low?
Typically, the potassium level becomes low because too much is lost from the digestive tract due to vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive laxative use. Sometimes too much potassium is excreted in urine, usually because of drugs that cause the kidneys to excrete excess sodium, water, and potassium (diuretics).
Can drinking too much water cause low potassium?
Excessive water consumption may lead to depletion of potassium, which is an essential nutrient. This may cause symptoms like leg pain, irritation, chest pain, et al. 6. It may also cause too much urination; when you drink lots of water at once, you tend to urinate frequently.
How do you feel when your potassium is low?
Common signs and symptoms of potassium deficiency include weakness and fatigue, muscle cramps, muscle aches and stiffness, tingles and numbness, heart palpitations, breathing difficulties, digestive symptoms and mood changes.
Is low potassium serious?
It is critical to the proper functioning of nerve and muscles cells, particularly heart muscle cells. Normally, your blood potassium level is 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). A very low potassium level (less than 2.5 mmol/L ) can be life-threatening and requires urgent medical attention.
Is there a strong relationship between vitamin D deficiency and cancer?
The majority of studies found a protective relationship between sufficient vitamin D status and lower risk of cancer. The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects.
Does chemotherapy affect your potassium levels?
Any damage to your kidneys, when they are not working properly, may cause an increase in potassium levels leading to hyperkalemia. As seen with tumor lysis syndrome – when you receive chemotherapy, the drugs will act by breaking down the tumor cells.
Can liver problems cause low potassium?
Low serum potassium level is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and its related metabolic disorders. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).