What factors contribute to diseases like cancer and heart disease?

What is a major cause of cancer and heart disease?

“Cancer and cardiovascular disease share many of the same risk factors, such as tobacco use, poor nutrition and lack of physical activity.

What factors can contribute to developing heart disease?

About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history. But you can take steps to lower your risk by changing the factors you can control.

What are the five main factors of heart disease?

There are five important heart disease risk factors that you can control. A poor diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol, stress, smoking and obesity are factors shaped by your lifestyle and can be improved through behavior modifications. Risk factors that cannot be controlled include family history, age and gender.

What are the symptoms of heart cancer?

Common symptoms of heart cancer include:

  • Chest pain or pressure.
  • Cough, which may be productive of a pink, frothy sputum.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Shortness of breath, which may be worsened by lying flat.
  • Swelling in the feet and ankles.
  • Unexpected weight gain or loss.
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What are the 5 major risk factors for cancer?

The most common risk factors for cancer include aging, tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals, and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.

What are the 7 warning signs of cancer?

These are potential cancer symptoms:

  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • A sore that does not heal.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.
  • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
  • Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole.
  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.

What are the six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed?

Major risk factors for heart disease that can be controlled or changed

  • Smoking. Smoker’s are at twice the risk of heart attack than are non-smokers. …
  • High blood pressure. …
  • High blood cholesterol. …
  • High blood sugar (diabetes). …
  • Obesity and overweight. …
  • Physical inactivity. …
  • Stress may be a contributing factor to heart disease.

Which hormone appears to increase the risk heart disease?

The hormone cortisol is released in response to stress. Studies suggest that the high levels of cortisol from long-term stress can increase blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure. These are common risk factors for heart disease.