How do nitrates cause cancer?
When taken into the body by drinking water and through other dietary sources, nitrate and nitrite can react with amines and amides to form N-nitroso compounds (NOC), which are known to cause cancer in animals and may cause cancer in humans.
Are nitrates a carcinogen?
Nitrates and nitrites are not themselves carcinogenic; nevertheless, they have the potential (during the endogenous pathway as well as processing of food) to react with other compounds to form carcinogens.
Do nitrates in water cause cancer?
Increased nitrate in water supplies has been linked to colon, ovarian, thyroid, kidney and bladder cancers with the strongest association with colon cancer resulting in an estimated 6,500 cases of nitrate-attributable cancers.
Do nitrates in ham cause cancer?
The preservative sodium nitrite fights harmful bacteria in ham, salami and other processed and cured meats and also lends them their pink coloration. However, under certain conditions in the human body, nitrite can damage cells and also morph into molecules that cause cancer.
Do bananas have nitrates?
Banana, broccoli, cabbage, cucumber, potato crisps, pumpkin, salami and strawberries also contain nitrates, but at lower concentrations of between 100 to 450mg/kg.
How do you remove nitrates from your body?
Eat a diet high in antioxidants. Vitamin C and certain other vitamins can reduce the conversion of nitrates and nitrites to nitrosamines.
Are eggs a carcinogen?
From these results it appears that both egg white and egg yolk are carcinogenic, but that their carcinogenicity differs. A carcinogenic substance causing the development of lymphosarcomas and lung adenocarcinomas, would be present in both, while a mammary carcinogen, lipid in nature, is present in the yolk only.
What foods contain high nitrates?
Foods With Added Nitrates
- Ham. Ham is often the highest source of dietary nitrates. …
- Bacon. Bacon has up to 380 mcg of nitrates per 100 g of weight. …
- Deli Meat. Deli meat is another major source of harmful nitrates. …
- Hot Dogs. Hot dogs are one of the most processed sources of meat on the market.
What vegetables are high in nitrates?
Vegetables particularly rich in nitrates include green leafy vegetables such as spinach and lettuce as well as fennel, rocket, radishes, Chinese cabbage, and parsley [3, 5, 6].
What are the dangers of nitrates in water?
Nitrate can turn hemoglobin (the protein in blood that carries oxygen) into methemoglobin . High levels can turn skin to a bluish or gray color and cause more serious health effects like weakness, excess heart rate, fatigue, and dizziness.
Can nitrates in water make you sick?
Ingesting water with high levels of nitrate/nitrite can make people sick. Private drinking water sources (e.g., wells, dugouts, springs) can sometimes contain unsafe levels of nitrates/nitrites. If a baby drinks water with high nitrate/nitrite levels or it’s used to make formula, it might cause blue baby syndrome.